Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1996;37(4):596-601.
Published online April 1, 1996.
Subretinal Hemorrhages in High Myopia.
Kang Won Cho, Nam Soo Kim, Sung Chul Lee
Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
고도근시의 망막하출혈
이성철(Sung Chul Lee),조강원(Kang Won Cho),김남수(Nam Soo Kim)
Abstract
Ocular changes such as crescents, posterior staphyloma, retinochoroidal degeneration, lacquer cracks and subretinal or choroidal hemorrhage are common In myopia. We examined 13 patients(13 eyes) who had refractive errors of -6.0 Diopter or more and subretinal hemorrhages at initial visit. According to fluorescein angiographic finding, subretinal hemorrhages in high myopia were divided into two groups: 6 eyes without choroidal neovascularization(CNV) and 7 eyes with choroidal neovascularization. Subretinal hemorrhage without choroidal neovascularization was frequent in patients aged 15-32 years(mean, 23.7 years) and choroidal neovascularization was common in patients aged 34-60 years(mean 47.6 years). In the eyes without choroidal neovascularization, the subretinal hemorrhage disappeared spontaneously after a few months and the visual acuity of these patients was variable at the initial visit(range, 5/200-20/30), and was unchanged or improved during the follow-up period. In the eyes with choroidal neovascularization, the visual acuity was less than 0.1 at the initial visit, except 2 cases, and was unchanged or worsened during the follow-up peroid. It will be helpful to divide the high myopia with subretinal hemorrhage into with or without choroidal neovasculrization according to the flourescein angiography to assess the prognosis.
Key Words: Choroidal neovasculization;Fluorescein angiography;High myopia;Subretinal hemorrhage


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