Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1995;36(6):976-982.
Published online June 1, 1995.
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Diabetic Retinopathy: In First Fundus Examined Diabetic Patients.
Hak Soo Lee, Woo Jae Lee, Nae Sun Hong, Ho Kyun Cho
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Chungang University, Seoul, Korea.
당뇨환자에서 망막증유병율 및 위험인자에 관한 연구 - 안저검사를 처음 받은 경우 -
이학수(Hak Soo Lee),이우재(Woo Jae Lee),홍래선(Nae Sun Hong),조호균(Ho Kyun Cho)
Abstract
We performed a epidemiologic study to find a prevalence and risk factors of diabetic retinopathy. We reviewed 130 diabetic patients who had been performed the fundus examination for the first time for retinopathy at the ophthalmic department of Chung Ang university hospital from March 1993 to December 1993. We studied epidemiologic work-up sheet and performed ophthalmic and laboratory examination. The patients' ages ranged from 25 to 81 years, with an average age of 58.9 years. The age, sex, intraocular pressure, fasting blood sugar, post cibos 2 hours (Pc2hrs), age of onset, residence, smoking, alcohol drinking, diet pattern, blood type, treatment method and menstruation status were not significantly correlated with prevalence of diabetic retinopathy statistically(p>0.05). But the duration of diabetes(p<0.01), glycosylated hemoglobin(HbA1C) and cataract operation(p<0.05) were significantly correlated with diabetic retinopathy statisically. The prevalence of diabetic retinopathy was 28.5%(background changes in 21.5%, preproliferative changes in 4.6% and proliferative change in 2.4%). The mean interval between diagnosis of diabetes and the first examination of retinopathy was 6.62 years.
Key Words: Cataract operation;Duration of diabetes;Glycosylated hemoglobin;Prevalence of diabetic retinopathy;Risk factor


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