Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1995;36(2):331-337.
Published online February 1, 1995.
Surgical Result of Vitrectomy in Ocular Trauma.
Hweon Min Koo, Ill Han Yoon
Department of Ophthalmology, Paik Hospital, Inje University, College of Medicine, Pusan, Korea.
초자체절제술이 시행된 안외상의 임상적 고찰
구훤민(Hweon Min Koo),윤일한(Ill Han Yoon)
We reviewed 49 patients(50 eyes) who had undergone pars plana vitrectomy for the traumatized eyes during the last 4 years. We divided patients into 4 groups according to the characteristics of ocular injuries-anterior segment Injury, posterior penetrating injury, intraocular foreign body and blunt injury. We analyzed surgical results and compared surgical outcomes according to timing of vitrectomy performed(within 2 weeks VS more than 2 weeks after trauma). Anatomical success was achieved in 36 eyes(72.0%) and functional success was achieved in 23 eyes(46.0%). The main causes of functional and anatomical failure were macular pucker and phthisis bulbi respectively. The anatomical and functional success rates were higher when vitrectomy was performed within 2 weeks after trauma. In posterior penetrating injury group, however, anatomical success rate was lower when vitrectomy was performed more than 2 weeks after trauma. The frequency of retinal detachment was higher when vitrectomy was performed more than 2 weeks after trauma. In cases of intraocular foreign body, retinal detachments were developed in all patients after vitrectomy performed more than 2 weeks after trauma. If vitrectomy is required for patients with ocular injury, we suggest vitrectomy within 2 weeks after frauma for better chance to perserve the globe and for salvaging vision.
Key Words: Anatomical and functional success;Ocular injuries;Pars plana vitrectomy;Retinal detachment

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