J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 57(4); 2016 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2016;57(4):634-641.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2016.57.4.634    Published online April 15, 2016.
Research on the Perceptions of Low Vision Rehabilitation.
Ki Won Jin, Ka Young Yi
Department of Ophthalmology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. harry92001@naver.com
저시력 재활에 대한 인식 조사
진기원⋅이가영
한림대학교 의과대학 강남성심병원 안과학교실
Correspondence:  Ka Young Yi
Received: 3 December 2015   • Revised: 18 February 2016   • Accepted: 21 March 2016
Abstract
PURPOSE
To evaluate the understanding of low vision and awareness of low vision rehabilitation of non-health care providers and health care providers using a survey. METHODS: The present survey included 304 individuals; 137 non-health care providers (25 low vision patients, 38 non-low vision patients, and 74 normal controls) and 167 health care providers (51 ophthalmologists, 56 non-ophthalmic physicians, 24 nurses, and 36 medical technicians). The questionnaire used in the survey consisted of 10 items pertaining to the definition of low vision (3 items), assistance of low vision patients (3 items), awareness of the difficulties of low vision patients in daily life (3 items), and the understanding of low vision aids (1 item). RESULTS: The majority of participants, except ophthalmologists, were unaware of low vision rehabilitation. The perceptions of low vision rehabilitation between non-health care providers and health care providers except ophthalmologists were not different. The ophthalmologists showed a better understanding of low vision and awareness of low vision rehabilitation than other health care provider groups. However, no difference was found in the degree of understanding regarding low vision aids. Low vision patients showed the lowest rate of satisfaction with the environment around them and most experienced the greatest difficulties in public transportation and outside activities. CONCLUSIONS: Although ophthalmologists showed a better understanding of low vision rehabilitation, their understanding of low vision aids was poor. Thus, there should be an effort to improve the ophthalmologists' understanding regarding low vision care. To enhance low vision rehabilitation awareness, promotion of low vision services and education campaigns is necessary and a strategy concerning social welfare to improve the environment for low vision patients should be implemented.
Key Words: Low vision;Perception;Questionnaire;Visual rehabilitation


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