J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 55(12); 2014 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2014;55(12):1868-1877.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2014.55.12.1868    Published online December 15, 2014.
Research on the Quality of Life of Glaucoma Patients.
Chi Shian Feng, Kayoung Yi
Department of Ophthalmology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. harry92001@naver.com
녹내장 환자의 삶의 질에 관한 연구
풍계현⋅이가영
Department of Ophthalmology, Kangnam Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Abstract
PURPOSE
To compare subjective quality of life (QOL) of a glaucoma group with a control group. METHODS: The Korean version of the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 (NEI-VFQ-25) was completed by 105 glaucoma clinic patients including 54 glaucoma group and 56 control group. We compared questionnaire scores and previous performed visual field parameters between a glaucoma group and a control group. RESULTS: The glaucoma group results were: Mean age: 55.73 +/- 15.17 years; mean best corrected visual acuity (BCVA; log MAR) 0.05 +/- 0.09 in better eyes and 0.06 +/- 0.09 in worse eyes; and mean intraocular pressure (IOP) 15.94 +/- 2.93 mm Hg in better eyes and 15.49 +/- 3.18 mm Hg in worse eyes. Control group scores were: Mean age: 51.85 +/- 11.36 years; mean BCVA (log MAR) 0.04 +/- 0.07 in better eyes and 0.06 +/- 0.08 in worse eyes; and mean IOP 16.40 +/- 2.50 mm Hg in better eyes and 16.13 +/- 2.16 mm Hg in worse eyes. Age, BCVA, and IOP were not significantly different between groups, but visual field index (VFI) score and visual function questionnaire (NEI-VFQ-25) total score were significantly lower in the glaucoma group (p < 0.01). Additionally, visual field parameters and QOL had a significant relationship in the glaucoma group, especially in better eyes. CONCLUSIONS: The QOL of glaucoma patients was lower than that of normal controls regardless of visual acuity. The degree of visual field loss in the better eye may affect QOL more significantly.
Key Words: Glaucoma patients;Quality of life;Questionnaire


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