J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 56(2); 2015 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2015;56(2):228-233.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2015.56.2.228    Published online February 15, 2015.
Accuracy and Reliability of the Icare PRO in Enucleated Porcine Eyes - Upright and Horizontal Positions.
Ka Young Lee, Young Cheol Yoo
Department of Ophthalmology, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. demian7435@gmail.com
돼지 눈 실험 모델에서 리바운드 안압계의 수직 및 수평 측정값의 정확성과 반복성 비교
이가영⋅유영철
한림대학교 의과대학 강동성심병원 안과학교실
Abstract
PURPOSE
To compare the accuracy and reliability of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements in enucleated porcine eyes using the Icare PRO in the upright and horizontal positions. METHODS: We designed an enucleated porcine eye model whose anterior chamber was cannulated with a 30-gauge needle, connected in parallel to a pneumatic pressure device. The reference pressure was manipulated by changing the air pressure from 70 to 10 mm Hg at 10 mm Hg intervals, and the IOP of porcine eyes was measured with the Icare PRO at each pressure. Correlation analysis, comparison using the Bland-Altman plot and Wilcoxon signed rank test, was performed to assess the accuracy of IOP measurements. Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to assess the intra-observer variability in the upright and horizontal positions, respectively. RESULTS: The IOP value in both upright and horizontal positions was well correlated with the reference pressure (r = 0.992 and 0.985, respectively). The Bland-Altman plot showed good agreement between the two positions. However, all IOP values in both positions were lower than the reference pressures. The IOP values in the horizontal position were significantly lower than those in the upright position at the a reference pressure of 50 mm Hg or greater. Values of intraclass correlation coefficient ranged from 0.911 to 0.984 when measured in the upright position and from 0.707 to 0.914 in the horizontal position. CONCLUSIONS: IOP measurements of Icare PRO in porcine eyes were remarkably lower than reference pressures controlled by the pneumatic method even though they showed a good correlation with reference values. The higher was the reference pressure, the greater was the degree of underestimation of IOP measurement in both positions. This trend was more pronounced in the horizontal position, and the reliability of IOP measurements was also lower than that in the upright position.
Key Words: Accuracy;Horizontal position;Icare PRO rebound tonometer;Intraocular pressure;Reliability
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