J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 56(5); 2015 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2015;56(5):784-788.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2015.56.5.784    Published online May 15, 2015.
Sudden Loss of Endothelial Cell Density 7 Years after Receiving an Implantable Contact Lens: A Case Report.
Dong Wan Kang, Young Sub Eom, Jay Won Rhim, Su Yeon Kang, Hyo Myung Kim, Jong Suk Song
Department of Ophthalmology, Korea University Guro Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. crisim@korea.ac.kr
안내후방콘택트렌즈삽입술 7년 후 발생한 급격한 내피세포 감소 1예
강동완⋅엄영섭⋅임재원⋅강수연⋅김효명⋅송종석
고려대학교 의과대학 구로병원 안과학교실
Abstract
PURPOSE
To report a case of decreased endothelial cell density 7 years after posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens implantation. CASE SUMMARY: A 45-year-old man with high myopia combined with astigmatism was treated with Toric implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) implantation. The patient's best corrected visual acuity was 0.7 in both eyes before the operation. After the treatment, his uncorrected visual acuity was 0.9 and corrected visual acuity was 1.0 in both eyes, indicating an improvement in visual function. Preoperative endothelial cell density measured 3,063 cells/mm2 in the right eye and 3,126 cells/mm2 in the left eye. At 5 years postoperatively, measurements were 2,897 cells/mm2 in the right eye and 2,974 cells/mm2 in the left, showing little change. However, a 6-year postoperative measurement of 2,198 cells/mm2 in the right eye and 2,803 cells/mm2 in the left showed a slight decrease in endothelial cell density in the right eye, and a follow-up measurement one year later displayed a rapid decline to 1,272 cells/mm2 in the right eye and 2,852 cells/mm2 in the left eye. The Toric ICL lens was removed from the right eye and phacoemulsification and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation was performed. Two-month postoperative endothelial cell density was 1,257 cells/mm2 and endothelial cell damage from the operation itself was minimal. CONCLUSIONS: ICL implantation may cause complications related to corneal endothelial cells as well as glaucoma. Patients should receive regular follow-up examinations for endothelial cell density.
Key Words: Endothelial cell loss;ICL implantation;Implantable contact lens


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