J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 54(5); 2013 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2013;54(5):818-822.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2013.54.5.818    Published online May 15, 2013.
A Report of Five Cases of Mixed Candida and Bacterial Keratitis.
Young Hoon Yang, In Cheon You
Department of Ophthalmology, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea. You2ic@paran.com
칸디다와 세균의 복합 각막염 5예
양영훈⋅유인천
Department of Ophthalmology, Chonbuk National University Medical School, Jeonju, Korea
Abstract
PURPOSE
To report the clinical manifestations and prognoses in 5 cases of mixed Candida and bacterial keratitis and present a literature review on mixed fungal and bacterial keratitis. CASE SUMMARY: Five eyes of 5 patients (1 male, 4 female) diagnosed as mixed Candida and bacterial keratitis by corneal smear and culture were included in the present study. Patient mean age was 62.80 years. All patients had preexisting ocular or systemic conditions as predisposing factors for mixed Candida and bacterial keratitis. The most common Candida species isolated was Candida albicans (3 eyes, 60%), while Staphylococcus (3 eyes, 60%) was the most common mixed bacterial species. The average size of ulceration was 7.02 mm2. In 2 eyes (40%), the lesions were located at the corneal center. The depth of the infiltration was significant in all cases, and hypopyon was present in 2 eyes (40%). On the initial visit, the visual acuity was counting fingers or worse in all cases. Four eyes (80%) unresponsive to the topical and systemic treatment underwent surgical intervention but only 1 eye (20%), which had responded to the topical and systemic treatment, showed acuity improvement of more than 1 line on the final visit. CONCLUSIONS: In managing chronically compromised cornea, the possibility of mixed infections with Candida and bacterial organisms should be considered as keratitis shows poor prognosis.
Key Words: Bacteria;Candida species;Clinical aspect;Mixed keratitis;Prognosis


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