Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 1973;14(4):341-345.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Refraction in School Children.
Seong Denk Kim, Soon Kak Hong
Department of Ophthalmology, Yonsei University, College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
학동의 굴절상태
Abstract
645 children (330 boys and 315 girls) of a primary school were determined under 2% Cyclogyl. (1) Among 645 children, refractive error was 57.2% and emmetropia 42.8%. (2) As to the distribution of refractive errors, 33.8% were hyperopic and 11.4% myopic. Hyperopia was more common than myopia. (3) Hyperopic refractive error was increased until 7 years of age. Since then it has been decreased yearly. Myopic refractive error has been increased yearly since 8 years of age. (4) The refractive errors were relatively equall rate in girls(28%) and boys(29%). (5) Refractive errors were numerous around the age of 7(24.7%). (6) The degree of refractive errors varied, but in the great majority was less than 3 diopters. (7) As to the type of astigmatism, 75% were with the rule and 23.7 were againat the rule. (8) The myopic refractive errors were decreased in 1973 year(24.7%) than 1957 year(27.5%).


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