J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 52(4); 2011 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2011;52(4):492-501.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2011.52.4.492    Published online April 15, 2011.
Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy, Responsive to an Immunosuppressive Agent: A Case Report.
Ja Young You, Hyewon Chung, Hyung Chan Kim
Department of Ophthalmology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. eyekim@kuh.ac.kr
면역억제제 치료로 호전 된 급성 대상잠재성 외망막병증 1예
유자영⋅정혜원⋅김형찬
Department of Ophthalmology, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence:  Hyung Chan Kim, MD,PhD
Abstract
PURPOSE
To report a case of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR), initially misdiagnosed as retrobulbar optic neuritis, which was responsive to an immunosuppressive agent. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old female with photopsia and a visual field defect in the left eye was referred to a hospital. There were no fundus abnormalities to explain her left visual field defect. Neurologic examination and brain MRI were normal. The patient was diagnosed with retrobulbar optic neuritis and treated with high-dose steroids. Four months after the onset of symptoms, she visited our hospital. Visual acuity was hand motion in the left eye. No relative afferent pupillary defect in the left eye and no anterior segment or fundus abnormalities were observed. A visual field examination of the right eye was normal and revealed field defect in the left eye. No abnormality was noted in the visual evoked potential test or fluorescein angiography. All examinations of the right eye were normal. In the left eye, fundus autofluorescence showed a hyperautofluorescent spot at the posterior pole, there was a decreased response in electroretinography and spectral domain optic coherence tomography showed that the junction between the photoreceptor inner and outer segments (IS/OS) was faintly visible only in the fovea. With the presumptive diagnosis of AZOOR, the patient was treated with an immunosuppressive agent. Visual acuity improved to 20/80 in the left eye at 10 months after the onset of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Electroretinogaphy is essential to diagnose AZOOR in patients with photopsia, visual field defect and minimal or no fundus changes, especially in a young women. There is currently no proven standard treatment, however immunosuppressive agents may be helpful.
Key Words: Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy;Electroretinography;Immunosuppressive agent;Photopsia;Visual field defect
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