J Korean Ophthalmol Soc > Volume 49(7); 2008 > Article
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society 2008;49(7):1159-1164.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2008.49.7.1159    Published online July 15, 2008.
Anatomical Evaluation of Extraocular Muscles and Relationships Among Macula and Optic Nerve in Enucleated Eye.
Jung Lim Kim, Sul Gee Lee, Jae Wook Yang
1Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Inje University, Pusan, Korea. judysg@hanmail.net
2Ophthalmology Research Foundation, Inje University, Pusan, Korea.
생체적출안구에서 외안근의 해부학적 계측과 황반 및 시신경과의 관계
Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Inje University, Pusan, Korea, Ophthalmology Research Foundation, Inje University, Pusan, Korea
Correspondence:  Jung Lim Kim, M.D.
To make an anatomical evaluation of extraocular muscles, macular and optic nerve in enucleated eyes of live subjects and to compare the results with a previous autopsy study. METHODS: Twenty-four surgically enucleated eyes were studied. The distance from the limbus to the muscle insertion site, muscle width, and the distance between muscle insertion sites were measured and compared with an Apt study. After an incision through the eyeball, a 26-gauge needle was passed perpendicularly through the macula to the sclera. We measured the distances between the oblique muscles and the macula and optic nerves from an external site of the eyeball. RESULTS: The distance from the limbus to the muscle insertion site showed a significant difference in the superior and inferior rectus muscle. All measurements of muscle widths were significantly narrower than those of autopsy studies. The distances between the muscles were significantly closer between the lateral and superior muscles and between the superior and medial rectus muscles. From the optic nerve to the muscle was 3.99+/-0.62 mm, to the superior oblique muscle was 7.89+/-0.88 mm, to the inferior oblique muscle was 5.95+/-0.83 mm, and the macula to the inferior oblique muscle was 1.35+/-0.42 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Since most of the measurements were different from those of autopsy studies, we should consider the effects of preservation and fixation solution on autopsy eyes, race, and the differences among measurement instruments.
Key Words: Enucleated eyeball;Limbus-insertion distance;Macula;Muscle width;Optic nerve

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