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Risk Factors Associated with the Recurrence of Amblyopia after Successful Treatment
성공적인 약시치료 후 약시 재발에 관여하는 인자 분석
JKOS 2020 Jan;61(1):86-91
Published online January 15, 2020;  https://doi.org/10.3341/jkos.2020.61.1.86
Copyright © 2020 The Korean Ophthalmological Society.
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Hwa Rang Lim, MD, Dae Hyun Kim, MD, PhD
임화랑 · 김대현

Department of Ophthalmology, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea
조선대학교 의과대학 안과학교실
Received June 13, 2019; Revised September 26, 2019; Accepted December 30, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Purpose: We sought factors affecting amblyopia recurrence after successful treatment.
Methods: We included 117 patients with amblyopia. Patients were divided into recurrence and non-recurrence groups. We analyzed sex, age, amblyopia type, treatment duration, visual acuity, and binocular status.
Results: Of the 117 patients, 25 (21.4%) experienced recurrences. In that group, 60.0% of patients (compared to 14.1% of the no-recurrence group) exhibited high-frequency strabismus (p < 0.001). The recurrence group were younger than the no-recurrence group at both the beginning and end of treatment (p < 0.05). None of visual acuity at treatment commencement or end, stereoacuity, or suppression affected amblyopia recurrence.
Conclusions: Recurrent amblyopia is frequent after initial successful treatment if the patient exhibits strabismus or is young.
Keywords : Amblyopia, Recurrence, Risk factors

 

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